The labor process is usually experienced as a painful process. The experience and tolerance of pain are perceived very differently in each woman. Pain relief during the birth process contributes to increasing their physical and emotional well-being. The choice of one method or another to relieve pain is solely up to the woman.
Massage and soothing tactics promote relaxation, relieve muscle tension and reduce pain perception.
Breathing, along with relaxation techniques, helps reduce anxiety, with the perception of better pain control during the birthing process.
There are multiple relaxation techniques that can be used (visualization, yoga, ...). They require prior training.
Music, movement and / or focusing awareness on pleasant things helps to ease the discomforts of the labor process.
Local heat application
Applying local heat to the body surface has an analgesic effect - helps to reduce pain sensitivity and promotes relaxation.
It consists of the use of a plastic ball to decompress the pressure of the fetus on the pelvis. It allows fluid movements as well as to move the pelvis forward, backward, on both sides and in a circular fashion.
It consists of immersion in hot water during the first stage of labor. It is advisable to use from 5 cm dilation. Breaking the water bag does not contraindicate its use.
The use of warm water during dilation promotes muscle relaxation, reduces anxiety, increases the feeling of pain control and satisfaction.
In conjunction with massage, the use of essential oils helps to alleviate pain in the birth or muscle aches and reduce anxiety.
Sterile water injection
It consists of the injection of 0,1-0,5 ml of sterile water on both sides of the base of the spine (rhombe Michaellis). It is used to relieve back pain continuously during labor.
TENS (Transcutaneous Nervous Stimulation)
An analgesic technique that is based on sending from the skin repeated nerve stimulation to inhibit the transmission of nociceptive impulses at the medullary level, that is, to inhibit painful information. TENS stimulation is perceived as a bubbling sensation.
Also known as "laughing gas," nitrous oxide consists of a mixture of 50% oxygen and 50% nitrous oxide. It is easy to use, has a fast action, does not accumulate, is non-toxic to the mother and baby, and does not reduce uterine contractions.
It should be used at the beginning and during contractions, as well as rest periods between them. It must be accompanied by a slow breath. The mother may feel dizzy or Basque, so it is advisable to stay seated or lying down during use.
Its use helps relieve a woman's pain during dilation.
Peridural analgesia is a type of analgesia that causes the nerve endings to be blocked at the spinal cord to relieve pain during labor. This technique is performed by a specialist.
Its administration is advisable when the labor is already established and the contractions are regular.