After a kidney transplant your dietary restrictions are gone and you will be allowed to eat "just about everything" depending on your condition. Two of the things that are most appreciated after the transplant is being able to drink fluid and eat anything.
These recommendations are general, some patients should follow special diets due to associated pathology: diabetes, high cholesterol, high potassium, etc.
Weight and diet control
Check yours weight, the tendency after the transplant is to grow fat, this is usually due to the improvement in the general condition, the food will taste better and through the use of corticosteroids.
You must follow one balanced diet and adjusted to your caloric needs, it is not convenient for you to be overweight. Nutrient intake should be indicated by your transplant doctor and is usually divided as follows: 50% carbohydrates, 30-35% fats, 15-20% proteins.
It is important that baby the amount of liquid they may prescribe you, even if it sounds too much to you, this will facilitate the functioning of your new kidney.
La milk It is preferable to take it skimmed, as it retains all its proteins and vitamins and avoids excess fat. Its high calcium content is of great help in preventing osteoporosis.
Will have to limit alcohol consumption and completely suppress tobacco. Will be able to take coffee and stimulant drinks (caffeine) depending on your blood pressure.
Sugar and salt
The sugars they may be restricted because occasionally there is a tendency to have high glycemia. This is due to the use of corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and increased post-transplant appetite.
La shawl It is usually restricted in most transplant patients as it helps to retain fluid and to generate or maintain high blood pressure. Salt is also found in sausages, preserves and precooked dishes, so you must control its consumption.
Meats and fats
La fat such as cholesterol and triglycerides may increase in the blood by immunosuppressants and excess diet, it is recommended to avoid overeating:
- more than two eggs a week
- craft chocolates
- animal fats
- sweets and industrial confectionery
El blue Fish and olive oil They are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, which are beneficial for our body. Las chicken, turkey and rabbit meat they contain low fat content. The richest are beef, lamb and pork which contains the highest proportion.
Vegetables and vegetables
The vegetables and vegetables They are ideal for high in vitamins and minerals, low in fat and calories. They provide fiber and water that help regulate gastrointestinal transit.
The cereals they are high in carbohydrates and low in fats and proteins. Las fruits they are recommended because of their vitamin content, but only rarely will they be restricted by hyperkalemia.
WHO fundamental principle to prevent foodborne illnesses: "Bake it, peel it or forget it."
- Never drink tap water, always bottled of known brand.
- Avoid ice cubes.
- Brush your teeth and shave with bottled water.
- Packaged soft drinks are safe.
- Pre-boiled drinks (coffee, infusions) are safe.
- Take cooked, boiled or fried foods.
- Always peel the fruit personally.
- Do not consume raw fish and seafood, consume only cooked at least 10 minutes.
- Milk and derivatives (including ice cream) if they are a well-known brand and manufacturer.
- Store food at a temperature below 8 ° C.
- Do not consume street food.
Avoid foods that are highly processed or processed such as creams, sauces, etc.