Resident's Guide to Pathological Anatomy

Head of the Teaching Unit:
Joan Carlos Ferreres

Maria Rosa Escoda Giralt
Marta Vidal Borrego

93 723 10 10 ext. 20000 - 93 745 82 73. This e-mail address is being protected from robots spam.Necessites Javascript enabled to view it.
93 723 10 10 ext. 20001.This e-mail address is being protected from robots spam.Necessites Javascript enabled to view it., This e-mail address is being protected from robots spam.Necessites Javascript enabled to view it.

Accredited places: 2 per year

Microscope with microscopic image. Fotolia © Franz Pfluegl

MEF Program Summary

The specialty

Pathological Anatomy is the branch of medicine that deals with the study, through morphological and molecular techniques, of the causes, development and consequences of diseases, providing the correct diagnosis of biopsies, surgical pieces, cytologies and autopsies.

The Pathological Anatomy includes all areas of specific training that are implicit in the previous name (Gastrointestinal Pathology, Endocrine Pathology, Neuropathology, Pediatric Pathology, Cytopathology, Gynecological Pathology, Dermatopathology, Nephropathology, Hepatopathology, Osteoarticular Pathology , Uropathology, Hematopathology ...).

The purpose of the Pathological Anatomy residency is to get the doctor who specializes in training to assume the educational objectives considered in the educational program of the specialty. The method to follow consists of active learning, with progressive responsibility in the tasks of the Service, supervised directly by the members of the staff and in the understanding, in addition, of the need to be involved in the care teams to enhance interprofessional work as an engine of quality care.

Service Description

The Pathological Anatomy Service is a central service responsible for autopsies, biopsies, surgical parts and cytology at the Hospital. The Service is computerized, with a teaching and photographic archive.

The service has been accredited for the postgraduate training of residents of the specialty since 1994, and undergraduate teaching has also been taught to medical degree students since the 2008-09 academic year.

It is located in the basement and has a physical space of 700 m2, where the areas of autopsies, surgical pathology, cytology, molecular pathology, administrative field, offices, session room and microphotography and immunofluorescence room are duly separated and equipped.

Service Structure

Autopsy area

  • Evisceration room: includes autopsy table.
  • Dissection room: includes dissection table, archive area, intended for the conservation of macroscopic pieces of necropsy, and macroscopic photography area.

Surgical pathology

  • Room for inclusion and macroscopic study of surgical pieces
  • General Laboratory: block making and cutting area, HE staining and foil assembly area, special staining area (histochemistry and immunofluorescence) and immunohistochemistry area.
  • OSNA technical room and tumor bank.

Molecular pathology

DNA extraction and molecular study techniques, fragment PCR, pyrosequencing, in situ hybridization techniques and FISH-CISH are performed.


  • Laboratory: which receives the samples and is responsible for the processing and staining of exfoliative, gynecological and PAAF cytologies.
  • Office of cytotechnicians dedicated to screening for cytological extensions, determination of human papilloma virus (Hybrid Capture) and processing of in situ punctures for echoendoscopic and echobronchoscopic punctures.

Administrative field

  • Includes sample reception area, reports and archive.

Other complementary spaces

  • Offices
  • Residence Hall
  • Sessions Room: consists of pentacapçal with video camera attached, projector cannon, screen and computer.
  • Microphotography, immunofluorescence and FISH room
  • Archive of paraffin blocks and laminates
  • Warehouse


The staff that forms part of the teaching unit is represented by 13 specialist doctors who distribute the different pathologies, 1 molecular biologist, 5 cytotechnicians, 12 laboratory technicians and 4 administrators.